GRE词汇 | Day12: 每天5个GRE词汇


valiant 英 [ˈvæliənt] 美 [ˈvæliənt] adj. 英勇的,勇敢的 n. 勇士;勇敢的人
■拆: val(strong, value)+i + ant(adj后缀) -> 勇敢的
考点1: adj.勇敢的,英勇的: possessing or acting with bravery or boldness
■e.g. a valiant and moral knight 一个勇敢和有道德感的骑士 Despite their valiant efforts, they lost the game.
■同: audacious, bold, brave, courageous, dauntless, fearless, gallant, intrepid, stalwart, stout, valorous
■反: cowardly, craven, gutless, nerveless, pusillanimous, spineless, timorous 胆怯的
■派: valiance n.英勇

domineer 英 [,dɒmɪ’nɪə] v. 专横跋扈;压制
■拆: domin(house: 后引申为一家之主 控制; 统治等意思)+ eer(er施动者名词后缀) -> 压制; 专横跋扈
考点1: vt.专制统治: to exercise arbitrary or overbearing control
■e.g. Her husband and mother-in-law tyrannize her.她生活在她丈夫和婆婆的高压统治下。
■同: tyrannize
■反: domineering adj.专横的,盛气凌人的

reassure 英 [ˌriːəˈʃʊə(r); ˌriːəˈʃɔː(r)] 美 [ˌriːəˈʃʊr] vt. 使安心;使消除疑虑;安慰;重新保证,再次确保;(尤指保险)分保,给……再保险
■拆: re(again)+assure(保证) -> 再次确保; 使…安心
考点1: vt.使安心,打消疑虑: to restore to confidence
■e.g. I tried to reassure her that the dog would come back home by nightfall.我尽力让她安心,说夜幕降临之前小狗一定会回家的。
■同: assure, cheer, console, solace, soothe
■反: distress, torment, torture, trouble使忧虑,折磨
■派: reassurance n.消除疑虑

deleterious 英 [ˌdeləˈtɪəriəs] 美 [ˌdeləˈtɪriəs] adj. 有毒的,有害的
■拆: deleter(希腊语 破坏者;毁灭者)+ious(adj后缀) -> 有毒的; 有害的。。。。
考点1: adj.有害的: harmful often in a subtle or unexpected way
■e.g. deleterious to health 对健康有害的
■同: adverse, baleful, baneful, detrimental, mischievous, nocuous, noxious, pernicious
■反: beneficial, salutary, salubrious, wholesome, benign, harmless, innocuous 有益的,安全无害的

onset 英 [ˈɒnset] 美 [ˈɑːnset] n. 开始,着手;发作;攻击,进攻
■拆: on(在…上)+set(开始) -> 开始; 攻击
考点1: n.攻击,进攻: attack, assault
■e.g. withstand the onset of the army抵挡住了敌人军队的进攻
■同: aggression, assault, charge, offense, onslaught, raid, rush, strike
■反: defense防御
考点2: n.起始,开始: the point at which something begins
■e.g. If you take enough vitamin C at the onset of a cold, you’ll probably recover faster.如果你感冒刚 一开始就服用足量的维他命C,你可能会康复得更快。
■同: alpha, baseline, commencement, dawn, genesis, inception, kickoff, launch, nascence, outset, threshold
■反: close, conclusion, end, ending, omega, termination 结束

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