GRE词汇 | Day10: 每天5个GRE词汇

北美GRE代考网给大家带来第十天的GRE词汇了,一起学习吧。

sabotage 英 [ˈsæbətɑːʒ] 美 [ˈsæbətɑːʒ] v. 妨害;蓄意破坏 n. 蓄意毁坏;刻意阻碍
■拆: sabot(木鞋)+age -> 词义据说是18,19世纪机器刚兴起的时候,手工业担心机器会抢走他们的饭碗,将木鞋扔到机器里面 搞破坏 -> 蓄意破坏
考点1: n.妨害,破坏: treacherous action to defeat or hinder a cause or an endeavor; deliberate subversion
■e.g. sabotage of the project by government officials 被政府官员阻止的项目
■同: damage, impairment, subversion, undermining
■反: assistance 支援
考点2: vt.从事破坏活动,阻止: to practice sabotage on
■e.g. He sabotaged his opponent’s campaign with rumors.他用谣言来破坏对手的竞选活动。My ex-wife deliberately sabotages my access to the children.我的前妻故意想方设法阻止我和我的孩子们见面。
■同: disrupt, foil, frustrate, obstruct, undermine
■反: assist, support支持;advance, cultivate, forward, foster, further, nurture, promote 促进

inkling 英 [ˈɪŋklɪŋ] 美 [ˈɪŋklɪŋ] n. 暗示;略知;模糊概念 v. 暗示 (inkle的ing形式);略知;低声说出
考点1: n.轻微暗示,小提示: a slight indication or suggestion
■e.g. They hadn’t given us an inkling of what was going to happen. 他们不给我们任何暗示将会发生什么
■同: clue, cue, hint
考点2: n.略知: a slight knowledge or vague notion
■e.g. n.ot have even the faintest inkling of what the project was all about 对这个项目与什么有关毫不知情
■同: glimmer
■反: insight 深刻理解

profane 英 [prəˈfeɪn] 美 [prəˈfeɪn] adj. 亵渎的;世俗的;异教的 vt. 亵渎;玷污
■拆: pro(in front of)+fan(temple)+e -> in front of the temple 指不能进入庙里面的 -> 古罗马时期一般之后神圣(sacred: 神圣的)的人才能进去 -> 所以不能进去的人 指 世俗的 后来宗教色彩逐渐消失 指 亵渎的
考点1: v.亵渎: to treat (something sacred) with abuse, irreverence, or contempt
■e.g. invading troops profaned the altar by playing poker on it 侵略军亵渎了祭坛,竟然在上面打扑克
■同: defile, violate
■派: profaned 被亵渎的
■反: unviolated, inviolable 未被亵渎的,不可亵渎的
考点2: v.滥用: to put to a bad or improper use
■e.g. profaned his considerable acting talents by appearing in some wretched movies 在一些烂俗的电影里面出现简直就是浪费表演才华
■同: abuse, misemploy, misuse, pervert, prostitute

nominal 英 [ˈnɒmɪnl] 美 [ˈnɑːmɪnl] adj. 名义上的;有名无实的;不重要的 [会计] 票面上的 n. [语] 名词性词
■拆: nomin(name)+al(adj后缀) -> 名字的; 名义上的
考点1: adj.不重要的: so small or unimportant as to warrant little or no attention
■e.g. His involvement was nominal. 他的参与不太重要。
■同: inconsequential, inconsiderable, paltry, trifling, trivial
■反: big, consequential, considerable, important, material, significant 重要的
考点2: adj.名义上的: existing or being something in name or form only
■e.g. nominal head of the party 党派的名义首领
■同: formal, paper, titular

circuitous 英 [səˈkjuːɪtəs] 美 [sərˈkjuːɪtəs] adj. 迂曲的;绕行的;迂回线路的
■拆: circuit(环)+ous(adj后缀) -> 迂回的; 绕行的
考点1: adj.不直接的: not being forthright or direct in language or action
■e.g. We took a circuitous route to the airport so as to avoid the massive traffic jam我们走了一条迂回的路线 去机场来躲避堵车。
■同: indirect, circular, roundabout
■反: direct, straight, straightforward直接的
■派: circuity n不直接: lack of straightforwardness
■反: straightforwardness, direction 直接
考点2: adj.冗长的: using or containing more words than necessary to express an idea
■e.g. a circuitous explanation for what seems like a fairly basic concept 对一个非常基本的概念的冗长的解释
■同: circumlocutory, diffuse, long-winded, prolix, rambling, verbose, windy
■反: compact, concise, pithy, succinct, terse 简洁的

本文由北美GRE代考网收集整理,本站提供GRE代考GRE助考GRE在家考试作弊服务。
Scroll to Top