GRE&医学英语词汇

PART1—GRE词汇

Peripheral

Definition of peripheral : ① (formal) not as important as the main aim, part, etc. of sth.
② connected with the outer edge of a particular area.

词义:① 次要的;附带的
② 周边的;外围的

用法:① sth/sb be peripheral to sth/sb …对…是次要的
② the peripheral nervous system 周围神经系统

读音:pe·riph·er·al | /pə’rɪf(ə)r(ə)l/

Somatic

Definition of somatic : ① of the body, as distinguished from the soul, mind, or psyche; corporeal 肉体的; physical

词义:① 躯体的;体细胞的;体的

用法:① somatic cell 体细胞
② a somatic disorder 躯体化障碍

读音:so·mat·ic | /sə’mætɪk/

Cerebral

Definition of cerebral : ① of or relating to the brain or the intellect

词义:① 大脑的;脑的
②理智的;智力的

用法:① a cerebral haemorrhage 脑溢血
② a cerebral comedy 一部蕴含理性的喜剧

读音:ce·re·bral | /’serɪbr(ə)l/

PART2—前缀介绍

angi-, angio-, angei-

来源:Greek angei-, angeio- vessel, blood or lymph vessel

含义:血管

音标:angio- /’ændʒiəu/

词汇:
① angiofibroma n. 血管纤维瘤
② angitis n. 脉管炎
③ angiocardiopathy n. 血管性疾病

PART3—内科词汇

① Osteoporosis 骨质疏松症

Definition of osteoporosis : a condition that affects especially older women and is characterized by decrease in bone mass with decreased density and enlargement of bone spaces producing porosity 多孔 and fragility 易碎.

复数形式(plural): osteoporoses

读音:os·te·o·po·ro·sis | /ˌɒstɪəʊpə’rəʊsɪs/

② Leukemia 白血病

Definition of leukemia: an acute or chronic 慢性的 disease in humans and other warm-blooded animals characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in the tissues and often in the blood

读音:leu·ke·mia | /lu:ˈki:mi:ə/

形容词:leukemic 白血病的

③ Constipation 便秘

Definition of constipation: the condition of being unable to get rid of waste material from the bowels easily。

读音:con·sti·pa·tion | /kɒnstɪ’peɪʃ(ə)n/

参考:
MERRIAM-WEBSTER DICTIONARIES
Collins
Oxford English Dictionary
封面图来源:《国家地理》

TIPS

医学单词背起来有很大难度,个人认为以下方法可以减轻一些负担:
▶ 记住常用的词根、词缀
▶ 用音标/读音来分解单词,并且使分割的单词和音标一一对应。

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