GRE词汇 | Day9: 每天5个GRE词汇


conceal 英 [kənˈsiːl]  美 [kənˈsiːl] vt. 隐藏;隐瞒

: con(intensive prefix强调)+ceal(to hide藏起来) ->隐瞒; 隐藏

考点: v.隐藏,隐瞒: to prevent disclosure or recognition of

e.g. Drunkenness reveal what soberness conceal 酒后吐真言

: cache, secrete, disguise, mask, occult, ensconce

【反】display, exhibit 展示;bare, disclose, expose, reveal, uncover, unmask 揭露

aloft 英 [əˈlɒft]  美 [əˈlɔːft] adv. 在空中;在高处;在上面 prep. 在…之上;在…顶上 adj. 在空中的;在高处的;在上面的

: a(in, on)+loft(sky, air) -> in the sky 在空中

考点: adv在空中: in the air especially : in flight (as in an airplane)

e.g. The balloon stayed aloft for days 气球在空中停留了很多天。

: overhead

: grounded 着陆地

macabre 英 [məˈkɑːbrə]  美 [məˈkɑːbrə] adj. 可怕的;以死亡为主题的;令人毛骨悚然的(等于macaber)

考点: adj.恐怖的: suggesting the horror of death and decay; gruesome

e.g. Impressively, Plants vs. Zombies presented a supposedly macabre themeinsuch anenjoyableway. 令 人难忘的是,《植物大战僵尸》将一个本应该十分恐怖的主题用一种如此欢乐的方式呈现出来

: appalling, atrocious, dreadful, ghastly, gruesome, hideous, horrific, nightmarish, terrific

: agreeable, delightful, enjoyable, pleasant 令人愉悦的

palliate 英 [ˈpælieɪt]  美 [ˈpælieɪt] vt. 减轻;掩饰;辩解

: palli(cloak 遮挡物)+ate(v后缀) -> cover with a cloak, conceal 掩饰; 隐瞒

考点: v.平息,减轻: to make less severe or intense; mitigate

e.g. palliative drug缓解剂

: allay, alleviate, assuage, mitigate, mollify, palliate, relieve, soothe

: aggravate, exacerbate, worsen, increase intensity 加剧,恶化

duplicate 英 [ˈdjuːplɪkeɪt]  美 [ˈduːplɪkeɪt] vt. 复制;使加倍 n. 副本;复制品 adj. 复制的;二重的 vi. 复制;重复

: du(dwo-: two二)+plic(fold)+ate -> twofold(对折在一起)-> 引申为复制; 副本

考点1: n.复制品: either of two things exactly alike and usually produced at the same time or by the same process

e.g. a duplicate of a house key 房间钥匙的复制品Your computer is almost a duplicate of mine. 你的电脑和我的几乎一模一样。

: copy, dupe, duplication, facsimile, imitation, mock, reduplication, replica, replication, reproduction

: archetype, original, prototype 原型

考点2: vt.复制: to make a copy of

e.g. A cell duplicates itself when it divides. 当一个细胞分裂时,它会完全按着自己的样子复制。llArt students are trying to duplicate paintings in the museum’s collection as part of their training. 艺术生们努力地复刻博物馆中的作品,由此作为他们的训练。

: clone, copycat, imitate, reduplicate, render, replicate, reproduce

: originate原创

考点3: vt.重复,反复: to do over or again often needlessly

e.g. We were unable to duplicate the experiment with the same result in our own lab, so we’re suspicious.我们不能在自己的实验室中重复之前的实验并得到相同的结果,因此我们很怀疑。

: redo, reiterate, renew, repeat

: duplicable adj.可模仿的


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