GRE词汇 | Day8: 每天5个GRE词汇

北美GRE代考网和你一起学习GRE词汇,今天是第八天的5个GRE词汇内容,我们开始吧。

shrewd 英 [ʃruːd]  美 [ʃruːd] adj. 精明的;狡猾的;机灵的 n. 精明(的人);机灵(的人)

: shrewd来源于shrew “鼩鼱”, 很精明的老鼠 后引申为 精明的人; 机灵的

考点1: adj.精明的,机敏的: having or showing a practical cleverness or judgment

e.g. He’s shrewd about his investments.他是个精明的投资人。

: crafty, cunning, devious, sly, subtle, wily, astute, savvy, sharp

: foolish, naive, unknowing 愚蠢的,幼稚的

考点2: adj.刺骨的,强烈的: causing intense discomfort to one’s skin

e.g. She pulled her coat tighter against the shrewd breeze whipping down the alley. 巷子里挂着刺骨的风,她拉紧了大衣。

: biting, bitter, keen, penetrating, piercing, raw, sharp, stinging

fretful 英 [ˈfretfl]  美 [ˈfretfl] adj. 焦躁的;烦燥的;起波纹的

: fret(烦躁)+ful(adj后缀) -> 烦躁的

考点: adj.易怒的,烦躁的: inclined to be vexed or troubled

e.g. Adolescence is the most fretful stages of human development青春期是人类发展过程中最恼人的阶段

: irritable, fractious, peevish, pettish, petulant

: easygoing 随和的

: fret v 使烦躁

typo 英 [ˈtaɪpəʊ]  美 [ˈtaɪpoʊ] n. 排印错误;排字工;印刷工

: typo是typographer的缩写; 也可以指typographical error的缩写

考点: n.打字错误: an error in typed or typeset material

e.g. make one typo on the memo 在样张上打错一个字

: misprint, bug

crumple 英 [ˈkrʌmpl]  美 [ˈkrʌmpl] vt. 弄皱;使一蹶不振 vi. 起皱;倒坍;一蹶不振 n. 皱纹;褶皱

考点1: v.弄皱: to press, bend, or crush out of shape

e.g. crumple a piece of paper 弄皱一张纸

: rumple, crimple, crease, fold, wrinkle

: smooth 使平滑

考点2: v.(因外力挤压而)垮塌: to fall down or in as a result of physical pressure

e.g. The box crumpled when I accidentally dropped a brick on it我不小心扔了块石头在箱子上,它就倒塌了

: collapse, founder, implode, tumble, yield

edifice 英 [ˈedɪfɪs]  美 [ˈedɪfɪs] n. 大厦;大建筑物

: edi(from PIE *aidh: to burn 燃烧)+fic(fac: to make/do)+e -> 燃烧, 火炉后来引申为居住的地方, 大厦

考点1: n.大厦;大建筑物: a large or massive structure

e.g. The Capitol is one of the most impressive edifices in the United States国会山是美国最令人印象深刻的建筑之一

: building, erection, palace

: cottage 小棚舍

考点2: n.基础,基本构架: the arrangement of parts that gives something its basic form

e.g. The edifice of the argument is quite simple, once you get past the fancy language只要你看透了表面花哨的语言,你会发现这段论证的基本构架是非常简单的

: architecture, configuration, framework, skeleton, structure

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