GRE词汇 | Day4: 每天5个GRE词汇


garrulous 英 [ˈɡærələs; ˈɡærjʊləs]  美 [ˈɡærələs] adj. 唠叨的;喋喋不休的;多嘴的

: gar(to call/to cry)+ul(表示反复)+ous(adj后缀) -> 反复的叫 -> 唠叨的

考法: adj.啰嗦的,话多得令人厌烦的: given to excessive and often trivial or rambling talk; tiresomely talkative

e.g. garrulous traveling companions 多话的旅伴

: talkative, chatty, loquacious, verbose, voluble

: laconic, reserved, reticent, taciturn 缄默的

: garrulity n.啰嗦

cleave 英 [kliːv]  美 [kliːv] vi. 裂开;披荆斩棘地前进;粘住;坚持 vt. 砍开;使分开;打通

考法1: vi.紧贴,坚持: to adhere firmly and closely or loyally and unwaveringly

■e.g. You should resolutely cleave to the facts in your report.你应该在报道中坚持客观的原则。

: adhere, cling, hew, stick

: defect 叛变

考法2: vt.分隔,割裂: to divide by or as if by a cutting blow

e.g. His spade cleaved the firm sand with a harsh crunch.他的锹凿开了坚实的砂土,发出尖锐剌耳的嘎扎声。

: cut, decouple, disconnect, disjoin, dissever, dissociate, divide, part, ramify, sever, slice, split, sunder

: join, link, unify, unite 连接,接合

indict 英 [ɪnˈdaɪt]  美 [ɪnˈdaɪt] vt. 控告,起诉;[法] 揭发

: in(en: in/make) + dict(declare) -> 进去说 -> 后引申为控告
考法: vt.起诉,控告: to accuse of wrongdoing; charge

e.g. indict the mayor for fraud and embezzlement.起诉市长受贿和挪用公款

: charge, criminate, impeach, incriminate

: absolve, acquit, exculpate, exonerate, vindicate 免罪

stratify 英 [ˈstrætɪfaɪ]  美 [ˈstrætɪfaɪ] vt. 分层;成层;使形成阶层 vi. 分层;成层;阶层化

: strati(spead out 扩散 因省委层次) +fy(v后缀 make) -> 分层

考点: 分成各种等级: to divide into classes, castes, or social strata

e.g. Income distribution often stratifies a society.收夂入分配往往将各社会分层

: assort, categorize, classify, differentiate, distinguish, separate

: homogenize 使均匀;commingle, mingle 混合

派: stratification n. 分层化

dampen 英 [ˈdæmpən]  美 [ˈdæmpən] vt. 抑制;使…沮丧;使…潮湿 vi. 潮湿;丧气

: damp(潮湿)+en -> 使潮湿

考法1: vt.(特指稍稍地)弄湿: to make or become slightly or moderately wet

e.g. dampen a paper towel with water and use it to clean up the mess 把纸巾弄湿用来清扫

: bedew, damp, douse , drench, impregnate, saturate, soak, souse, steep

: dehydrate, desiccate, dry, parch, scorch, sear 使脱水,烤干

考法2: vt.抑制,压抑(感情,精力等),泼冷水: to check or diminish the feeling, activity or vigor of

e.g. Nothing could dampen their enthusiasm.没有什么能扼杀他们的激情。The oppressive heat dampened our spirits. 让人难以忍受的酷暑让我们精神不振。

: benumb, blunt, castrate, deaden, devitalize, enervate, geld, lobotomize, petrify

: brace, energize, enliven, invigorate, quicken, stimulate, vitalize, vivify使充满活力


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